Brain plasticity, or neuroplasticity, is the ability of the brain to change, which gives us the opportunity to stimulate and develop it. During active mental activity, the mind consumes about 20% of the body’s energy that we produce during the day. Neurobiologists say that over the years our mind weakens, we remember less, learn and adapt, but at the same time, thanks to special exercises and diet, we have the opportunity to maintain the flexibility of the mind and prevent age-related diseases that can affect the brain. We will tell you what you should do to ensure that the main male “muscle” always remains in good shape.
What is brain neuroplasticity?
The concept of “neuroplasticity” comes from two separate words: neuron – nerve cell – and plasticity – the ability of a substance to take any form. The emphasis on flexibility is not in vain, because the brain is the most plastic in its peak state. The most interesting thing is that we are able to shape our brain in such a way that the greatest number of neural connections – synapses – are formed in it, thus increasing its efficiency and strength. Moreover, you can start working on your mind at any time in your life. Plasticity also helps determine the ability of our brains to change, and you can influence the development of the brain at an early age, revealing many different possibilities.
How the brain changes
In the course of research, scientists have discovered that the brain can actually grow and shrink, and neural connections can be strengthened or weakened. Physical brain changes affect our abilities and abilities. For example, when you learn something new, neural connections are strengthened and developed, the brain learns to process information differently. If you feel that you have become too forgetful and absent-minded, then know that your neural connections have begun to weaken and degrade.
How to “charge” your brain
There are many ways to keep your mind flexible, and one of the best is continuous learning. It turns out that the brain does not cease to form new neural connections, if every day you learn something new. For example, if you hit into creativity and devote yourself to art, you will ensure the growth of your IQ, learn to concentrate better, and practicing music will increase your attention and memory. But the most important thing is that you can “reanimate” your brain at any age!
Studies have been conducted that show that dancing has a beneficial effect on the human brain. They stimulate the production and development of the neurotrophic factor of the brain, which contributes to the plasticity of neurons and forms new neural connections. Neurotrophins allow us to improve memory and affect the ability to learn. Learning a new language involves the hippocampus and increases the actual size of the brain.
Today there are many programs that help develop the brain, but in order to find them and start to engage, you just need to connect to the Internet.
How to develop brain flexibility with exercise
Exercise, such as tai-chi, karate or yoga, strengthens the mind, body and has a positive effect on the psyche and nervous system. With age, classes bring more benefits.
In a Texas research center, a study was conducted to find out how exercise affects the mental abilities and mind of a person. So, regular workouts in conjunction with mental exertion favorably affect the brain, improving memory, and cognitive functions, so do not choose between dumbbells and books – combine both options.
How a special diet will help your brain
Of course, training, development and regular training will positively affect your brain and help in the formation of new neural connections, but do not forget about proper nutrition. There is a special diet for the brain that will speed up the process of creating neural connections. This diet is designed in such a way as to saturate the brain with nutrients that are necessary to protect, maintain and create new brain cells and the formation of new neurotransmitters.
There are nutrients that contribute most to the work and development of the brain. Having added them to the daily menu, you will feel a significant improvement in cognitive functions and mental abilities.
Here is a list of essential nutrients that improve cognitive functions and help the formation of new neural connections:
1. Flavonols, which are often found in cocoa and dark chocolate.
2. Polyphenols, which are contained in berries.
3. Docosahexaenoic acid and omega-3 essential fatty acids. These are the main components of healthy brain development.
4. Magnesium, vitamins D and E.
5. Curcumin, often found in turmeric and other spices.
6. Ginkgo biloba is a popular memory enhancing ingredient.
Some more ways that can help develop the brain
In addition to the above methods, we want to talk about a few more brain hacks that will help your brain “not to shrink.”
Reading relaxes, relieves stress and develops imagination. When you plunge into an interesting book, you concentrate on the lines, on the content, in your head you draw images and plunge into a completely new world for yourself. This will help relieve your head and enrich yourself with knowledge.
Depends on a normal sleep, how well you will think, how quickly you can make this or that decision. Lack of sleep adversely affects concentration and not the best way affects the performance. Do not forget that the ability to remember and remember depends on sleep no less than your body.
Development of spatial skills
Today, modern technologies are paving the way for us and almost lead to their destination by the hand. Because of this, over time, we can unlearn how to navigate in space, and walking from point “A” to point “B” will become an impossible task. Do not allow your brain to atrophy: memorize routes, learn to navigate using paper maps and resort to GPS using only in the most extreme cases.